Treatment of periodontal tissues
Periodontal diseases are a group of diseases affecting the tissues that surround and support the teeth.
These are inflammatory diseases caused by infection that, depending on the degree of affectation, are known as gingivitis, when the inflammatory process only affects the gums and not the tissues that support the tooth.
When the inflammatory process affects the deep periodontal tissues, the bone and ligament supporting and holding the teeth are damaged. This degree of involvement is known as periodontitis. If it is not treated, it spreads damaging the whole support of the tooth, leading to the tooth loss.
Frequently asked questions
Yes, and it is the clearest symptom of gingivitis or periodontitis. It can cause long-term tooth mobility and/or tooth loss.
They are silent diseases, with no pain or clear symptoms. Besides, you don´t notice the symptoms while they progress, so the best is that the disease is diagnosed by your dentist.
Anyway, be alert if you notice any of these symptoms:
– Bleeding when brushing your teeth. Remember that healthy gums usually don´t bleed. If your gums bleed every time that you brush your teeth, this means that your gums are sick. – Inflammation and redness of the gums. – Constant bad breath. – Tooth mobility. – Pus between the teeth and gums.
NON-SURGICAL TREATMENTS: In non-advanced cases, treatment is limited to scraping and smoothing the root under the edge of the gums.
SURGICAL TREATMENTS: If deep periodontal pockets still remain after the removal of plaque, these could be surgically removed. In this way, the gum that was damaged by the disease adheres to the teeth again and can heal.
IMPORTANT: Patients with periodontal diseases should be examined regularly. This includes the plaque removal and teeth polishing, usually every six or twelve months.
On 90% of occasions, its origin is in the mouth. The most frequent cause is a bad oral hygiene and/or the presence of gigivitis or periodontitis.