TMJ – Temporomandibular Joint

What is Bruxism?

Bruxism, a disorder that affects around 10-20% of population, is an involuntary habit characterized by clenching or grinding of the teeth without practical purposes.

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Nowadays it is a very common disease in the first world

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders are problems affecting the jaw muscles, the temporomandibular joints and/or the nerves associated with chronic facial pain. Tension, stress and abnormal tooth position can lead to the origin of this kind of pathology.

  • It affects a greater and greater percentage of patients. We could say that more than 70% of patients have signs of occlusal trauma. 50% of patients have symptoms, but since the treatment is very complex, we insist on the idea that prevention is better than cure.
  • Invisalign® system is also very useful for these treatments as at the same time that the perfect teeth chewing position is recovered, it causes a deprogramming effect, since we use thin films which cover the teeth.

The way that teeth contact each other could determine the development of joint discomfort, above all when you open and close your mouth, because one side becomes more overloaded than the other one.

The more chronic the problem is, the more complex the treatment gets. So we recommend to see the dentist as soon as you feel the first symptoms. The basis of the treatment consists in restoring the balance between muscles, teeth and joints by orthopedic, orthodontic, prosthetic techniques or using different types of dental splints.